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Breguet 14.B2
Multi-purpose
French
1917
Manufacturer: Breguet Aviation
$5.99
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$8.98 (aircraft + modifications)
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Specifications
Engines 1 x V-type 12 cyl. Renault 12 Fcx.
Power (h.p.): 310 (1600 RPM)
Height (mm): 3300
Length (mm): 8870
Wing span (mm): 13284
Wing surface (sq.m.): 52
Empty weight (kg): 1076
Crew weight (kg): 160
Fuel capacity, liters (kg): 250 (193.7)
Oil capacity, liters (kg): 35 (32.5)
Takeoff without bombload (kg): 1538.2
Takeoff with 32x8 kg (256kg) bombs (kg): 1794.2
Takeoff with 8x40 kg (320kg) bombs (kg): 1858.2
Speed, w/o bombload(IAS: km/h)
sea level - 180.9
1000 m - 168.9
2000 m - 158.3
3000 m - 146.2
4000 m - 132.9
5000 m p 114.9
Climb speed, full fuel load, without bombload
1000 m - 3 min. 21 sec.
2000 m - 7 min. 8 sec.
3000 m - 11 min. 58 sec.
4000 m - 18 min.33 sec.
5000 m - 28 min.38 sec.
Climb speed, full fuel load, , 32x8kg (256kg) bombload
1000 m - 4 min. 8 sec.
2000 m - 9 min. 13 sec.
3000 m - 16 min. 8 sec.
4000 m - 26 min. 51 sec.
5000 m - 49 min. 45 sec.
Max speed (km/h) 182 km/h
Endurance (h.,min.) 2 h. 30 min
Armament: x1276 7,69mm rounds in total
Forward firing: 1 x Vickers Mk.I 7,69mm, 500 rounds per barrel.
Tail upper position: 2 x Lewis 7,69mm, 8 drums with 97 rounds each
Bomb load variations:
32 x 8kg (256kg)
8 x 20kg (320kg)
8 x 40kg (320kg)
Description

The Breguet 14 was two-seater biplane designed by the French company known as Breguet Aviation. The prototype made its first flight in April 1917. To ensure exceptional durability, the airframe structure was composed of duralumin and steel sections. Several companies manufactured this plane, including Michelin, Bellanger, Renault, Farman, Schmitt, and Darracq. During the war, production aircraft were fitted with a variety of engine types. Renault engines were the first to be installed and were subsequently followed by Fiat models and, in later months, Liberty engines. These reliable and powerful engines made the Breguet 14 the fastest two-seat bomber of WWI.

The first series of planes entered service with the French Army Corps in May 1917, where it eventually replaced the Sopwith 1½ Strutter. The Breguet 14 was faster, had a higher climb speed, could carry a higher bomb load and possessed a more durable structure. In April 1918, 225 aircraft of this type were in service with 1 American and 50 French squadrons.

The French Army employed it in a variety of ways, including bombing, aerial supply, artillery spotting, aerial mapping of the front lines, recon, and dropping of propaganda leaflets. Its main bombing targets were railway junctions, German frontline fortifications, and targets in the immediate battle area. Pilots noted its speed and ability to take punishment from enemy fire. The Breguet 14 participated in battles on the Western, Eastern and Italian fronts.

References:
S.T.Ae. Service des Essais. AVION Breguet /717.
Windsock Datafile Special Breguet 14, by Alan D. Toelle.
Profile Publications The Breguet 14, Number 157.