Aug 8, 1918
France: Foch begins his "Freeing attacks"(until September 18).
Somme: Battle of Amiens(French Battle of Montdidier)(until August 11): BEF Fourth Army, with French First Army(Moreuil captured with 3,150 PoWs and 161 guns)and 430 tanks(96 Whippets)attacks at 0420 hours on 15-mile front east of city. 5 German divisions routed(27,700 casualties including 15,565 PoWs from 11 divisions and 400 guns). Newly arrived Canadian Corps(3,868 casualties)advances 6 miles taking 12 villages; 5,033 PoWs and 161 guns; Australians(3,000 casualties)take 7 villages; 7,920 PoWs and 173 guns.
Ludendorff War Memoirs: "Black Day of the German Army". From a German headquarter BEF obtain map of all "Hindenburg Line" dug-outs, emplacements, HQs, OPs, dumps, railheads, billets, balloon sheds and landing grounds between river Oise and Bellicourt. BEF loss under 9,000 soldiers and 109 tanks(8 to 1 anti-tank gun).
Channel: Destroyer HMS Opossum and minelayers depth charge and sink UC-49 off Start Point near Plymouth. 6 Royal Navy destroyers lay first 234 magnetic mines off Dunkirk. Officially designated Sinker Mk1(M)they are prone to explode prematurely, but Germans never discover.
Somme: Record losses of aircraft in 1914-18 air combat: 83 Allied plus another 52 RAF planes written off(90 casualties), 49 German during Battle of Amiens which 800 RAF(376 fighters)and 1,104 French aircraft (612 fighters)support vs 365 German planes(140 fighters). Some German pilots(including Göring)10 hours in air successfully defending Somme bridges(14 permanent)from 205 RAF sorties(12t bombs dropped). 9 RAF fighter squadrons drop 1,563 bombs and fire 122,150 MG rounds at ground targets(until August 9). RAF shoot down 9 German balloons.
Italian Front: Four of No.139 Sqn Bristol Fighters destroy 2 of 3 Austrian Albatros over Pergine airfield(east of Trent)during Emperor Charles’ visit.
By the Germans
45th, 46th and 47th victory of Ernst Udet(CO Jasta 4 Fokker D.VIIF 4253/18): At 17.30 one S.E.5a over Fontaine-le-Cappy, at 18.30 one S.E.5a, SE of Berleux and at 20.40 one No.54 Sqn Sopwith Camel(D9841),SE of Foucaucourt
24th, 25th and 26th victory of Otto Könnecke(Jasta 5 Fokker D.VII): At 09.05 one Bristol F.2b over Mericourt,, at 11.45 one S.E.5a W of Mericourt and at 18.45 a second, NW of Roman Camp.
18th and 19th victories of Josef Mai(Jasta 5 Fokker D.VII): At 09.00 one Bristol F.2b over Mericourt and at 17.55 one D.H.9 over Ham.
18th victory(and last)of Franz Hemer(Jasta 6 Fokker D.VII): At 19.00 one Airco D.H.9 over Nesle.
6th victory of Richard Wenzl(Jasta 6 Fokker D.VII): At 19.40 one Airco D.H.9 over Genermont.
49th, 50th and 51th victories of Erich Löwenhardt(CO Jasta 10 Fokker D.VII): At 12.45 one Sopwith Camel over Proyart, another at 17.30, E of Bray and a third at 18.50 over Estrées.
4th victory of Justus Grassmann(Jasta 10 Fokker D.VII): At 18.30 one Bristol F.2b or D.H.9 over Chaulnes.
33th, 34th and 35th victories of Lothar von Richthofen(Jasta 11 Fokker D.VII ): One Airco D.H.9 and two S.E.5a.
31th and 32th victories of Heinrich Kroll(Jasta 24 Fokker D.VII): At 09.40 one R.E.8, W of Villers Bretonneux and at 16.25 one S.E.5a.
15th victory of Friedrich Altemeir(Jasta 24 Fokker D.VII): At 19.30 one Airco D.H.4 over Hayencourt.
14th victory of Otto Fruhner(Jasta 26 Fokker D.VII): At 20.03 one S.E.5a over Estrées.
5th victory of Christian Mesch(Jasta 26 Fokker D.VII): At 20.15 one Airco D.H.9 over Proyart.
11th victory of Rudolf Klimke(Jasta 27 Fokker D.VII): At 19.55 one S.E.5a over Nesle.
17th victory of Harald Auffarth(CO Jasta 29 Fokker D.VII): At 16.25 one Airco D.H.9 of No.27 Sqn over Harbonnières(B2133)and another over Péronne(D1719). Lt B.M.Boyer, Lt L.J.Edwards, Lt L.H.Forest and Lt S.W.P.Foster-Sutton POW. Only one was homologed.
3th victory of Vzfw Gregor(Jasta 29 Fokker D.VII): At 16.20 one Airco D.H.9(D7317)of No.27 Sqn, SW of Warfusée. 2th Lt H.M.Brown and 2th Lt D.E.Chase POW.
1th victory of August Burkard(Jasta 29 Fokker D.VII): At 16.40 one Bristol F.2b over Méricourt.
1th, 2th, 3th and 4th victories of Alfons Scheicher(Jasta 34 Fokker D.VII). At 09.00 one Bristol F.2b, W of Soyecourt, at 12.50 a second over Mericourt, a Sopwith Camel, E of Mericourt and at 22.00 one Sopwith, NW of Cerisy.
11th, 12th and 13th victories of Georg Meyer(CO Jasta 37 Fokker D.VII): Three Airco D.H.9, one at 09.10 over Mericourt, the second at 09.15 over Villers Bretonneux and the last over St.Christ.
4th victory of Albert Hets(Jasta 37 Fokker D.VII): One R.E.8.
3th victory of Heinrich Henkel(Jasta 37 Fokker D.VII): One Airco D.H.9.
4th and 5th victories of Adolf Gutknecht(CO Jasta 43 Fokker D.VII): At 14.00 one S.E.5a over Foucaucourt and at 14.05 one Airco D.H.9, SW of Estrées.
7th victory of Paul Lotz(CO Jasta 44 Fokker D.VII): At 10.45 one S.E.5a, SW of Proyart.
7th victory of Oskar Hennrich(Jasta 46 Fokker D.VII): One S.E.5a over Morcourt.
6th victory of Otto Creutzmann(Jasta 46 Fokker D.VII): At 14.15 one S.E.5a over Chipilly.
29th victory of Paul Billik(CO Jasta 52 Fokker D.VII): At 14.45 one Airco D.H.9 over Biaches.
5th victory(and last)of Hermann Juhnke(Jasta 52 Fokker D.VII): At 17.25 one S.E.5a over Proyart.
17th and 18th victories of Robert von Greim(JG 9 Fokker D.VII): At 12.40 one Sopwith Camel, NE of Bayonvillers and at 12.50 one R.E.8, S of Morcourt.
By the Aviation Militaire
Adj Pierre Morin(Spa37 Spad XIII)wounded in combat. Died Aug 16, 1918 in hospital.
Cal Marie Raymond(Spa57 Spad VII S5467)shot down, N of Jonchery-sur-Suippes. Captured and POW.
29th, 30th and 31th victories of Maurice Boyau(Spa77 Spad XIII): At 18.20 one balloon(Drachen)over Piennes-Onvillers, one Rumpler C over Ressons-sur-Matz shared with Mdl Antoine Lentz-Mitchell and at 18.15 one EA over Cury.
1th victory(and last)of Antoine Lentz-Mitchell(Spa77 Spad XIII S8500): One Rumpler C over Ressons-sur Matz, shared with S/Lt Maurice Boyau. Mitchell was shot down by AAA and KIA near Lassigny the same day.
5th victory of Maurice Bizot(Spa90 Spad XIII): At 05.16 one balloon(Drachen)over Very-Amelecourt.
By the RAF
Battle of Amiens with big deployment of the RAF.
6th victory(and last)of Ernest Owen(1th Sqn S.E.5a C8846): At 13.10 one Albatros D.V over Dompierre.
Capt Kenneth Mills(1th Sqn S.E.5a, 5 victories)shot down and KIA in combat with five Fokker D.VII of Jasta 11 near Cappy-Péronne. Poss shot down by Lothar von Richthofen.
11th victory of Hazel Wallace(3th Sqn Sopwith Camel C1698): At 14.00 one Rumpler C over 62D X30.
5th victory of George Riley(3th Sqn Sopwith Camel): At 14.00 one Rumpler C over 62D X30. Shared victory.
24th and 25th victories of John Gurdon(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b E2454): At 10.30 one Albatros D.V over Douai and at 10.40 one Pfalz D.III, NE of Vitry. Observer was 2th Lt Charles Gass.
20th victory of Samuel Thompson(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b E2477): At 10.40 one Fokker D.R.I over Dechy. Observer was Sgt Ronald Fletcher.
18th and 19th victories of William Harvey(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b E2466): By 10.40 two Pfalz D.III, NE of Vitry, the second shared with Capt John Gurdon and 2th Lt Charles Gass. Observer was Capt Dennis Waight.
5th victory of Leslie King(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b D7894): At 10.30 one Pfalz D.III, S of Douai. Observer was Lt Valentine Collins.
2th victory of Herbert Beddow(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b D7998): At 10.30 one Pfalz D.III, NE of Vitry. Observer was 2th Lt W.A.Cowie.
1th and 2th victories of Thomas Newsome(22th Sqn Bristol F.2b E7406): By 10.45 two Fokker D.VII over Brebieres. Observer was Sgt Hubert Hunt.
28th, 29th and 30th victories of Tom F.Hazell(24th Sqn S.E.5a E1388): At 18.50 one Fokker D.VII over Lihon, at 19.00 a second over Lihon and at 19.10 one DFW C over Rosieres.
7th victory of Thomas Harries(24th Sqn S.E.5a C8844): At 19.45 one LVG C over Meharicourt.
7th victory of Charles Ross(29th Sqn S.E.5a C9071): At 09.50 one balloon over Estaires.
6th victory of Arthur Reed(29th Sqn S.E.5a): At 19.40 one Albatros C, E of La Gorgue, shared with Lt R.H.Humphries, Lt D.A.O’Leary, Lt Claude Wilson and Lt Henry Rath.
5th victory of Henry Rath(29th Sqn S.E.5a E5964): At 19.20 one Albatros C, E of La Gorgue, shared with Lt R.H.Humphries, Lt D.A.O’Leary, Lt Claude Wilson and Lt Arthur Reed.
2th victory of Claude Wilson(29th Sqn S.E.5a D6940): At 19.40 one Albatros C, E of La Gorgue, shared with Lt R.H.Humphries, Lt D.A.O’Leary, Lt Arthur Reed and Lt Henry Rath.
6th victory of Gilbert Strange(40th Sqn S.E.5a B191): At 10.30 one Fokker D.R.I over Don.
31th victory of William Claxton(41th Sqn S.E.5a F5910): At 15.30 one Fokker D.VII, E of Chignes.
17th victory of Frank Soden(41th Sqn S.E.5a E1300): At 11.45 one Fokker D.VII, W of Proyart.
4th victory of Charles Steele(48th Sqn Bristol F.2b F5811): At 09.50 one DFW C over Rosières-Chaulnes. Observer was 2th Lt E.Vickers.
5th victory(and last)of William Boger(56th Sqn S.E.5a D6096): At 19.05 one Fokker D.VII, NE of Chaulnes.
4th victory of William Irwin(56th Sqn S.E.5a D6121): At 19.05 one Fokker D.VII, NE of Chaulnes.
10th victory of James Belgrave(60th Sqn S.E.5a E3916): At 13.15 one type C over Chaulnes.
4th victory of Robert Whitney(60th Sqn S.E.5a C8886): At 16.50 one DFW C over Estrées. Shared with Lt F.W.Clark.
3th victory of Robert Whitney(60th Sqn S.E.5a C8886): At 16.40 one Hannover C over Foucaucourt. Shared with Capt John Doyle.
2th and 3th victories of John Doyle(60th Sqn S.E.5a E1397): At 16.40 one Hannover C over Foucaucourt. Shared with Robert Whitney and at 16.55 a second over Estrées.
4th victory of Lynn Campbell(62th Sqn Bristol F.2b D7899): One Pfalz scout. Observer was 2th Lt William Hodgkinson.
10th and 11th victories of Joseph White(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel): By 12.25 two Fokker D.VII over Proyart. Shared with Capt Eric Brookes, Lt George Tod, Lt F.Edsted, Lt C.Tolley and Lt D.Oxley.
5th and 6th victories(and last)of Eric Brookes(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel C8291): By 12.25 two Fokker D.VII over Proyart. Shared with Lt Joseph White, Lt George Tod, Lt F.Edsted, Lt C.Tolley and Lt D.Oxley. Capt Brookes was KIA the same day, N of Harbonnières.
4th and 5th victories(and last)of George Tod(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel D1810): By 12.25 two Fokker D.VII over Proyart. Shared with Lt Joseph White, Capt Eric Brookes, Lt F.Edsted, Lt C.Tolley and Lt D.Oxley.
11th victory of Gavin Graham(73th Sqn Sopwith Camel D9492): At 17.20 one type C over Nesle. Shared with Lt Emile Lussier and 2th Lt Robert Chandler.
7th victory(and last)of Robert Chandler(73th Sqn Sopwith Camel D1922): At 17.20 one type C over Nesle. Shared with Lt Emile Lussier and Lt Gavin Graham.
4th victory of Emile Lussier(73th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2525): At 17.20 one two-seater over Nesle. Shared with Lt Gravin Graham and Lt Robert Chandler.
29th victory of Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor(84th Sqn S.E.5a D6856): At 14.40 one balloon over Rosières.
12th victory(and last)of Norman Mawle(84th Sqn S.E.5a D6917): At 10.00 one balloon, E of Harbonnières. Lt Mawle was badly wounded in the stomatch and arm my ground fire, same day.
1th victory of Sidney Highwood(84th Sqn S.E.5a C8496): At 18.30 one Fokker D.VII, N of Foucaucourt.
Capt Roy Manzer(84th Sqn S.E.5a, 12 victories)shot down while attacking German positions during the battle of Amiens. Captured and POW.
6th and 7th victories of Edgar Johnston(88th Sqn Bristol F.2b E2458): By 10.30 two Fokker D.R.I over Provin.
2th and 3th victories of Sydney Dalrymple(139th Sqn Bristol F.2b D8084): Two Berg D.I over Levico and Caldonazzo. Observer was Lt H.Baldwin.(Italian front).
8th victory of Reginald Brading(201th Sqn Sopwith Camel C64): At 15.20 one Fokker D.VII over Bray.
11th victory of Robert Foster(209th Sqn Sopwith Camel C61): At 19.05 one Halberstadt C over Harbonnieres. Shared victory.
6th victory of Cedric Edwards(209th Sqn Sopwith Camel D9588): At 19.05 one Halberstadt C over Harbonnières. Shared victory.
5th and 6th victories of John Summers(209th Sqn Sopwith Camel B7471): By 19.15 two Fokker D.VII over Caix.
5th victory of Thomas Luke(209th Sqn Sopwith Camel C142): At 19.05 one Halberstadt C over Harbonnières. Shared victory.
3th victory of Kenneth Walker(209th Sqn Sopwith Camel): At 19.05 one Halberstadt C over Harbonnières. Shared victory.
By the AFC(Australian Flying Corps)
12th victory of Herbert Watson(No.4 Sqn Sopwith Camel D8159): At 20.15 one DFW C over Comines.
By the Italian front
11th victory of Eugen Bönsch(Flik 51J Albatros D.III 253.37): At 20.47 one balloon over Vascon.