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#361 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 December 2017 - 22:15

Dec 15, 1917
 
Western Front
Snow interferes with operations.
Germans repulsed at Chaume Wood (Verdun).Second Offensive Battle of Verdun ends.
Eastern Front
Armistice signed at Brest-Litovsk between Russian Bolshevik Government and Bulgaria, Central Powers and Turkey, to begin at noon December 17th, and terminate January 14th, 1918.
After six days' fighting, General Kaledin(Cossacks)enters Rostov; local Bolshevist chiefs flee to Black Sea fleet.
Southern Front
General Guillaumet succeeds General Surrail at Salonika as Commander-in-Chief.
Middle east
British left centre in Palestine advanced 1.5 miles on five mile front.
Home Fronts
Bolshevist ultimatum to the Ukraine demands free passage for troops.
Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
4th victory of Gilbert de Guingand(N.48 Spad VII): One two-seater of FlAbt 206A near Nauroy-Prosnes. Shared with Cne CO Jacques Sabattier de Vignolle, Adj Maurice Renauld and S/Lt Robert Delannoy of Spa80. Vfw Leo Steiber and Ltn Eduard Kropff KIA.
3th victory of Maurice Renauld(N.48 Spad VII): One two-seater of FlAbt 206A near Nauroy-Prosnes. Shared with Cne CO Jacques Sabattier de Vignolle, Adj Gilbert de Guingand and S/Lt Robert Delannoy of Spa80. Vfw Leo Steiber and Ltn Eduard Kropff KIA.
2th victory of Jacques Sabattier de Vignolle(CO N.48 Spad VII): One two-seater of FlAbt 206A near Nauroy-Prosnes. Shared with Adj Gilbert de Guingand, Adj Maurice Renauld and S/Lt Robert Delannoy of Spa80. Vfw Leo Steiber and Ltn Eduard Kropff KIA. 
5th victory of Robert Delannoy(Spa80 Spad VII): At 09.30 one two-seater, S of Nauroy. Shared with Jacques Sabattier.
5th victory of Marcel Dhôme(N.81 Spad VII): One Rumpler C, S of Ville-sur-Cousance.
4th victory of Omer Demeuldre(N.84 Spad VII): One Albatros, E of Hans.
 
By the RFC
 
9th victory of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 09.50 one type C near Comines. 
3th victory of John Tudhope(40th Sqn S.E.5a B589): At 15.10 one Albatros D.V over Douai.
27th victory of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 11.05 one Rumpler C, E of Bois de Vaucelles.

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#362 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:09

Dec 16, 1917
 
Western Front
Artois: British success east of Avian.
Sea War
Bristol Channel: Sloop HMS Arbutus sunk by U-boat.
Home Fronts
Britain: Lieutenant-Colonel Freyberg – Victoria Cross – condemns Sassoon’s anti-war attitude to Lady Cynthia Asquith.
Caribe: Cuba declares war on Austria-Hungary.
 
By the Germans
 
36th victory(and last)of Max von Müller(Jasta 2 Albatros D.V 5405/17): At 14.10 one 70th Sqn Sopwith Camel(B2450).
17th victory of Paul Bäumer(Jasta 2 Albatros D.Va): At 14.10 one R.E.8, N of Boesinghen. 
 
By the Italian front
 
25th victory of Julius Arigi(Flik 55J Albatros D.III 153.80): At 14.50 one SAML 2 over Arten, near Feltre. Shared with Franz Lahner and Josef Kiss.
17th victory of Josef Kiss(Flik 55J Albatros D.III): At 14.50 one SAML 2 over Arten, near Feltre. Shared with Julius Arigi and Franz Lahner.
3th victory of Franz Lahner(Flik 55J Albatros D.III): At 14.50 one SAML 2 over Arten, near Feltre. Shared with Julius Arigi and Josef Kiss.

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#363 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:10

Dec 17, 1917
 
Home Fronts
Britain: Lord Rhondda says"Food queues must be stopped". Rationing probably inevitable. No post to neutrals, except to PoWs or under permit.
Russia: All Church property to be confiscated, religious teaching abolished.
Canada: Unionist Government wins General Election.
Eastern Front
Armistice from noon.
Middle East
Arabia: British Government give King of Hejaz written assurance of future Arab independence.
Africa
Mozambique: Lettow with headquarter arrive at Chirumba (Mtarika), Portuguese Nyasa Business Company’s station.
Sea War
Mediterranean: Italian Navy ordered to economize stringently on coal and oil fuel (c.50,000t used per month and national stocks only c.360,000t).
Pacific: Two USN submarines collide in fog; Carp(F1)sinks with 19 crew members.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Cne Mathieu Tenant de la Tour(CO Spa26 Spad XIII, 9 victories)killed in a crash at Auchel.
 
By the RFC
 
8th victory of William Rogers(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6789): At 14.20 one type C, SW of Moorslede. Shared with Lt R.C.Sotham and 2th Lt William Patrick.
6th victory of Guy Moore(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B3629): At 14.23 one Albatros D.V, SW of Moorslede. 
2th victory of William Patrick(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6830): At 14.20 one type C, SW of Moorslede. Shared with Capt William Rogers and Lt R.C.Sotham.

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#364 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:11

Dec 18, 1917
 
Britain: 14 of 16 German bombers(1 Giant)attack southeast England, 6 reach London. Total of 11,300lb bombs cause 97 casualties and £238,861 property damage, worst since Zeppelin Raid vom September 8-9, 1915. No 44 Squadron commander Captain Murlis Green MC achieves first night fighter success against aircraft over Britain in Sopwith Camel with 4 attacks over East London, forcing Gotha to ditch off Folkestone (armed trawler Highlander rescues 2 survivors); 2 other Gothas burnt after crash landing.
Southern Fronts
Piave: Austrian 4th Division captures Mt Asolone (5315 ft) with 2,000 PoWs and view of plains below, farthest Austrian advance. Rommel’s Wurttemberg Mountain Batallion withdrawn from final but local and costly success (after German failure to take Mt Solarolo); he and his commander receive Pour le Merite.
Eastern Front
Germany: Kaiser in Kreuznach Crown Council approves Armistice terms.
Ukraine: Ukrainian Rada rejects Red transit demands(Lenin ultimatum from December 17)and mobilizes and cuts telegraph links on December 19.
Politics
Russia: Trotsky appeals to Europe’s"oppressed peoples" after Brest­Litovsk armistice signing.
Secret War
Britain: Smuts meets Austrian Mensdorff (ex-­Ambassador to London) on separate peace chances (until December 19).
At Geneva(Switzerland) Lloyd George’s Secretary Philip Kerr meets Dr Parodi(Turkey).
 
By the Germans
 
8th victory of Gotthard Sachsenberg(MFJ I Albatros D.Va): One Sopwith 1½ Strutter, NW of Keyem. 
18th victory of Paul Bäumer(Jasta 2 Albatros D.Va): At 16.00 one Sopwith Camel,  W of Becelaere.
12th victory of Josef Jacobs(Jasta 7 Albatros D.Va): At 15.45 one Sopwith Camel over Dixmude.
2th victory of Paul Lotz(Jasta 7 Albatros D.V): At 15.45 one Sopwith Camel, S of Dixmude.
3th victory of Karl Bolle(Jasta 28 Albatros D.V): At 15.30 one Sopwith Camel NW of Staden.
5th and 6th victories of Hans von Häbler(Jasta 36 Albatros D.Va): At 11.40 one R.E.8.over Zonnebeke and at 15.30 one Sopwith Camel(B2388)over Kaphoek.
 
By the RFC
 
9th victory(and last)of William Rogers(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6789): At 11.40 one Albatros D.V over Moorslede.
3th victory of William Patrick(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6830): At 11.50 one Albatros D.V, N of Wervicq.
10th and 11th victories of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 15.00 one Pfalz D.III near Gheluwe and at 15.30 one Albatros D.V near Gheluwe-Moorslede. 
9th victory of Oliver Bryson(19th Sqn Spad VII A6802): At 10.35 one type C over Comines. Shared with Lt A.Fairclough. 
4th victory of Arthur Fairclough(19th Sqn Spad VII A6795): At 12.50 one Albatros D.V near Gheluvelt. 
3th victory of Arthur Fairclough(19th Sqn Spad VII B3528): At 10.35 one type C over Comines. Shared with Capt Oliver Bryson. 
10th victory(and last)of Alfred McKay(23th Sqn Spad B3560): At 10.15 one DFW C, S of Gheluvelt. 
9th victory of Alfred McKay(23th Sqn Spad B3560): At 10.40 one DFW C over Gheluvelt. 
4th and 5th victories of Jack Cunningham(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2418): At 14.15 one Albatros D.V near Roulers and at 14.20 a second near Hooglede.
4th and 5th victories of John Gilmour(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B9166): At 14.25 one Albatros D.V over Roulers and at 14.35 one type C over the same area.

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#365 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:19

Dec 19, 1917
 
Britain: Air defences finally told of Giant bomber, codenamed "Bertie", after its eight raid.
Sea War
Channel: New Dover Straits minefield claims first victim, coastal submarine UB-56 after Vice-Admiral Bacon advised to start flare and searchlight surface patrol along it.
Adriatic: 2 old Austrian battleships, 1 cruiser, 6 destroyers shell Italian Cortellazzo batteries again, but big ships withdrawn to Pola on December 20, 3 old battleships mothballed after December 28 to obtain personnel.
Southern Fronts
Piave: British artillery in action at Montello. Italian counter­-attacks against Mts Rertica and Asolone fail to gain ground until fog and thick snow end operations on December 21.
 
By the RNAS
 
39th victory of Raymond Collishaw(RNAS 13N Sopwith Camel B6390): At 15.20 one Albatros D.V over Ostend.
3th victory of George MacKay(RNAS 13N Sopwith Camel B6407): At 14.45 one Albatros C over Ostend-Zeebrugge.
 
By the RFC
 
12th victory of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 15.45 one Albatros D.V near Hollebeke. 
10th victory of Oliver Bryson(19th Sqn Spad VII A6780): At 11.30 one type C, W of Passchendaele. Shared with Lt A.Fairclough.
5th and 6th victories of Arthur Fairclough(19th Sqn Spad VII A6805): At 08.05 one type C, E of Hooglede and at 11.30 one type C,  W of Passchendaele. Shared wit Capt Oliver Bryson. 
4th victory of John Tudhope(40th Sqn S.E.5a B589): At 10.55 one Albatros D.V over Lens-Pont a Vendin. 
3th victory of Gwilym Lewis(40th Sqn S.E.5a B24): At 13.00 one Albatros D.III near Lens-Pont a Vendin. 
21th victory(and last)of Richard Maybery(56th Sqn S.E.5a B506): At 12.50 one Albatros D.V over Bourlon Wood. Richard Maybery was killed same day, shot down by AAA, S of Hayecourt.
 
By the Italian front
 
6th victory of Silvio Scaroni(76a Hanriot HD.1): A two-seater over Conegliano.
3th victory of Alessandro Buzio(76a Hanriot HD.1): One unknown type.

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#366 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:19

Dec 20, 1917
 
Western Front
France: Petain Directive urges defence in depth(and on December 22)but not all generals comply.
Flanders: Germans capture fog-shrouded British advanced post west of Messines.
Eastern Front
Don: Kornilov arrives at Novocherkask, is made White C-in-C.
Middle East
Palestine: Battle of Jaffa(until December 22): XXI Corps’ 8,100 men and 88 guns surprise cross river Auja on December 21, take 259 PoWs and 5 MGs from 6,200 Turks with 60 guns. 6 Royal Navy ships and 36 Royal Flying Corps planes aid 52nd Division 5-mile coast advance to Arsuf on December 22, Jaffa put out of Turk gun-range. 54th Division captures Bald Hill and two villages inland.
Home Front
Austria: Lower House adopts peace resolution.
Australia: Second referendum again defeats conscription 1,181,747 vs 1,015,159 votes; 1918 recruiting falls to c.2,500 per month.
Russia­: Bolshevik Cheka Secret Police founded under Dzerzhinski to "fight counter­revolutionaries and saboteurs".
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
131 Spad XIII in frontline service with the Aviation Militaire. Several problems with engine Hispano-Suiza 8B reduction gear. Aircrafts grounded two days out of three.
Cne Marcel Bonnevay appointed as CO of Spa37.
Cne Gustave Lagache appointed as CO of Spa78.

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#367 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:34

Dec 21, 1917
 
Western Front
Alsace: Fierce clashes at Harmannsweilerkopf, Germans ejected.
Eastern Front
Russia: Antonov, People’s Commissar for War, made C-in-C "for the struggle with counter­revolution".
Home Fronts
Italy: now 3,500 munition plants vs 125 in 1915.
Britain: Prime Minster calls for higher food production. Local rationing schemes authorized. Munitions Ministry empowered to restrict lighting.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
4th victory of Henri Péronneau(N.81 Spad XIII): One DFW C over Fort de Genicourt.

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#368 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:34

Dec 22, 1917
 
Britain: Several Gothas thwarted in raid on southeast England by bad weather(1 Gotha emergency lands south of Margate, burned by crew), 3 Giants(1 diverts to Boulogne)merely drop bombs in sea off Kent.
Western Front
Britain: Lieutenant-General Sir R Maxwell BEF QMG since January 1915 resigns; succeeded by Lieutenant-General Sir T Clarke.
France: General Debeney in command of French First Army for duration of war.
Flanders­: Germans storm some British advanced posts on Ypres­-Staden rail line, trench raid near (December 29).
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk peace negotiations begin.
Rumanian troops occupy Bessarabia. Independent Moldavian Republic proclaimed there on December 23.
Southern Fronts
Salonika: New Allied C-in-C General Guillaumat (aged 54) arrives, reads Milne his instructions pn December 30 to protect Greece, then use her army in offensive.
Politics
Russia: Bolsheviks peace proposals; Austrian Czernin rejects most on December 25.
Occupied Territories
Belgium: Flanders proclaimed independent.
 
By the Germans
 
1th victory of Otto Klaiber(FA 232): One Spad over Pederobbe.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
10th victory of Gabriel Guérin(Spa15 Spad VII): One two-seater of FlAbt 251 near Louvercy. Shared with Sgt Hector Garaud of Spa38 and Mdl Marcel Henriot of Spa65. Ltn Bruno Gross POW, Ltn Adolf Gerhardt KIA.
18th victory of Georges Madon(Spa38 Spad XIII): One scout, N of Selles.
5th victory of Hector Garaud(Spa38 Spad XIII): One two-seater of FlAbt 251 near Louvercy. Shared with S/Lt Gabriel Guérin of Spa15 and Mdl Marcel Henriot of Spa65. Ltn Bruno Gross POW, Ltn Adolf Gerhardt KIA.
3th victory of Marcel Henriot(Spa65 Spad VII S4252): One two-seater of FlAbt 251 near Louvercy. Shared with S/Lt Gabriel Guérin of Spa15 and Sgt Hector Garaud of Spa38. Ltn Bruno Gross POW, Ltn Adolf Gerhardt KIA.
Cne Pierre Bladinières appointed as CO of Spa75.
5th victory of Omer Demeuldre(N.84 Spad VII): One DFW C over St. Jean-sur-Tourbe.
3th victory of Pierre Marinovitch(N.94 Nieuport 24): One Rumpler C, N of Pont Faverger.
 
By the RNAS
 
36th victory(and last)of Joseph Fall(RNAS 9N Sopwith Camel B6231): At 15.30 one Albatros C, SE of Quesnoy.
 
By the RFC
 
13th victory of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 14.20 one Albatros D.V, S of Quesnoy. Shared victory.
11th victory of Oliver Bryson(19th Sqn Spad VII A6780): At 14.20 one Albatros D.V, S of Quesnoy. Shared victory. 
7th victory of Arthur Fairclough(19th Sqn Spad VII A6802): At 14.20 one Albatros D.V, S of Quesnoy. Shared victory. 
6th victory of Eric Olivier(19th Sqn Spad VII A6714): At 14.20 one Albatros D.V, S of Quesnoy. Shared victory. 
28th victory of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 12.05 one DFW C.V, SW of St. Quentin.

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#369 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:39

Dec 23, 1917
 
Southern Fronts
Italian Front: French Tenth Army C-in-C Fayolle informs Foch that Italians "had recovered their spirit and wanted to fight". 
Trentino: Conrad’s final attempt to break through before winter snows, promises soldiers winter at Bassano in plains below and Christmas Mass in Venice. After hurricane shelling including gas (by 550 guns) Austrian Eleventh Army captures Col del Rosso (4183ft), Mt Melago and 3 other features in 2-mile advance, claims 9,000 PoWs until December 24.
Sea War
Irish Sea: Armed boarding steamer HMS Stephen Furness(101 lives lost)sunk by U-boot.
North Sea: 3 Harwich Force destroyers on Dutch convoy duty (Torrent, Surprise and Tornado) sink on German minefield north of Maas Light Buoy, 252 lives lost. Flotilla leader Valkyri gets home with broken back. Surviving destroyer Radiant rescues survivors.
Politics
Germany: Kaiser, visiting Second Army on Western Front, says 1917 proof that God an ally of German people.
Secret War
France: Anglo-French Paris Convention on spheres of influence in Southern Russia(British War Cabinet approve on December 26).
 
By the Germans
 
Ernst Hess(Jasta 19 Albatros D.Va 5347/17)shot down and killed in combat with N.96 Nieuport escadrille.
Karl Thom(Jasta 21 Pfalz D.III)wounded in action. 
1th victory of Jakob Landin(Jasta 32 Pfalz D.III): One two-seater near Vailly-sur-Aisne.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
11th victory of Gabriel Guérin(Spa15 Spad VII): One DFW C over Beine-bois de Berru. Shared with Sgt Bernard Artigau.
3th victory of Bernard Artigau(Spa15 Spad VII): One DFW C over Beine-bois de Berru. Shared with S/Lt Gabriel Guérin.
19th victory of Georges Madon(Spa38 Spad XIII): One two-seater of FlAbt 271 over Tahure. Shared with Adj Hector Garaud.
6th victory of Hector Garaud(Spa38 Spad XIII): One two-seater of FlAbt 271 over Tahure. Shared with S/Lt Georges Madon. 
1th victory of Emile Frick(Spa78 Spad VII): One two-seater over Bois de Landricourt(Marne). Shared with S/Lt Pierre Mouquet and Ltt Marcel Hughes of Spa81. 
1th victory of Pierre Mouquet(Spa78 Spad VII): One two-seater over Bois de Landricourt(Marne). Shared with Sgt Emile Frick and Ltt Marcel Hughes of Spa81.
10th victory of Marcel Hugues(Spa81 Spad XIII): One two-seater over Bois de Landrecourt. Shared with S/Lt Pierre Mouquet and Sgt Emile Frick, both of Spa78.
6th victory of Omer Demeuldre(N.84 Spad VII): One DFW C over Hurlus.
 
By the RFC
 
29th, 30th, 31th and 32th victories of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891). At 11.25 one LVG C near Anguilcourt, at 12.20 one Rumpler C near Contescourt, at 14.40 a second near Gouzeaucourt and at 15.30 one LVG C over Metz-en-Couture.

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#370 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:43

Dec 24, 1917
 
Sea War
Britain: Jellicoe resigns as First Sea Lord at Geddes request(made public on December 26). Admiral Sir W Wemyss succeeds, Admiral Sir S Fremantle replaces Oliver as DCNS; Bacon recalled from Dover Patrol on December 28.
Eastern Front
Austrians row with Bulgars at Brest-Litovsk.
Ukraine: Battles at Tamarovka Station and Oboyan(West of Kharkov), Sievers’ Reds capture Lyubotin on December 25.
Southern Fronts
Trentino: Italian counter­strike recaptures Mt Melago and Col del Rosso save summit. First heavy snow, a month late.
Politics
Belgium: King Albert replies to Papal peace note.
Austria: Czernin (Red delegate Joffe at Brest-Litovsk assures him over Tsar on December 26)to Emperor Charles "Your Majesty must therefore get Poland in order to maintain parity"(with Germany).
 
By the Germans
 
Jasta 46(Albatros D.Va)mobilized under the command of Ltn Rudolf Matthaei.

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#371 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:46

Dec 25, 1917
 
Eastern Front
Ukraine: RNAS Armoured Car Squadron rear party disable remaining cars and guns after ugly confrontation with local Reds.
Southern Fronts
Trentino: Toscana Brigade and 5th Bersaglieri regiment etc stiffen Italian line and repulse final Austrian attack.
Sea War
Irish Sea: Royal Navy sloop Buttercup and PC56(convoy escorts)ram and sink U-87. Twice­ victorious Q-ship Penshurst sunk by U-boot.
Africa
Mozambique: British patrols pursue Germans 40 miles south of river Rovuma. Lettow receives Christmas dinner from his officers.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Ltt Xavier de Sévin appointed as CO of Spa26.

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#372 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:51

Dec 26, 1917
 
Eastern Front
Bolsheviks break off Brest­-Litovsk talks when Germans say Poland and Baltic States will become independent.
Southern Fronts. Air War.
Italy: Large air battle 18 miles north of Venice, 9 of 30-40 Austrian aircraft shot down bombing Istrana airfield(RFC hangars suffer minor damage, 2 Italian aircraft destroyed). Raids repeated nights December 29-30 and 30-31.
Politics
Germany: Ukraine tells Berlin she wants separate status at Brest-Litovsk peace talks.
Africa
Jubaland: 502 King’s African Rifles and levies disperse Aulyehan at Hagagabli, capture 1,233 camels. By February 20, 1918 fines, 402 rifles and chiefs collected excluding the leader.
 
By the Germans
 
New formed Jasta 47 assigned to Harlebeke airfield. CO was Ltn Walter Kypke and equipment 20 Pfalz D.IIIa(Serials 5902/17 to 5921/17).  
 
By the RFC
 
1th victory of Arthur Jarvis(28th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2303). At 09.20 one DFW C, NW of Pevegliano. Shared victory(Italian front).
 
By the Italian front
 
6th, 7th and 8th victories of Silvio Scaroni(76a Hanriot HD.1): At 09.00 one EA over Musano, at 09.20 one DFW C.V over Camalo and at 12.35 one AEG G.IV of Boghol 4 over Biadene.
2th victory of Mario Fucini(76a Hanriot HD.1): One German DFW C.V over Montebelluna.
1th victory of Giorgio Michetti(76a Hanriot HD.1): At 09.20 a German DFW C over Camalo. 
4th and 5th victories(and last)of Guido Masiero(78a Hanriot HD.1): A two-seater over Musano shared with Guglielmo Farnagiari and a second over Dalzé.
3th and 4th victories of Guglielmo Fornagiari(78a Hanriot HD.1): A two seater over Musano shared with Guido Masiero and one EA over Falzé shared with Comandone.
5th victory of Antonio Chiri(78a Hanriot HD.1): One DFW C.V near Istrana.
2th victory of Antonio Riva(78a Hanriot HD.1): One DFW C.V(G128) over Signoressa, shared with Silvio Scararoni, Lt Arthur Jarvis, Lt Mulholland and Lt Frayne.
1th victory of Amedeo Mecozzi(78a Hanriot HD.1): One two-seater over Volpago/Selva. Shared with Benvenuto.

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#373 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 11:57

Dec 27, 1917
 
Western Front
Germany: Second conference between Ludendorff and army group staff chiefs on 1918 offensive in the West. General Hutier, from Eastern Front, takes over new Eighteenth Army at St Quentin.
Eastern Front
Baltic Provinces: Riga Council declares Latvian independence from Russia and requests Kaiser’s protection.
Middle East
Palestine: Turk counter­attack towards Jerusalem fails 3 miles north astride Nablus road despite fresh 1st Division. Deciphered radio message warns Allenby and Chetwode before December 24; British 60th Division repels eight Turk attacks; 10th and 74th Divisions capture Zeitun Ridge and village in 4,000 yards advance. 33,000 British troops and 180 guns advance up to 6 miles against strong but flagging resistance by 20,000 Turks and c.100 guns (December 28-30).
 
By the Germans
 
Vfw Hecht Pfalz(Jasta 10 Pfalz D.III 1370/17)damaged by gunner of a Armstrong Wirthworth F.K.8 of 35th Sqn. Hecht land his Pfalz at Vermand and the aircraft fall into British hands near totally intact.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Mdl Léo Rayer(N.94 Nieuport 24bis)killed in crash near La Melette airfield.
 
By the RNAS
 
3th victory of Harold Day(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6379): At 14.35 one DFW C over Lens-Henin. Shared with Guy Price.
 
By the RFC
 
3th victory of Kenneth Seth-Smith(70th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2438): At 10.50 one Albatros C over Zarren. Shared with G.Quigley and F.Hobson. 

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#374 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:02

Dec 28, 1917
 
Eastern Front
Russia: Lenin attends Demobilization Congress which votes for Army’s dissolution; he requests "revolutionary units" to hold front line.
Southern fronts
Italy: Austrians bomb Padua(until December 30), cause 79 casualties, bomb Treviso, Bassano, Vicenza and Castelfranco(December 31).
Austria: Arz replies to Ludendorff(from December 23), agrees his Western Front 1918 spring offensive will be decisive and Austrian troops will be sent, once no longer needed in Russia.
 
By the Germans
 
17th victory of Emil Thuy(Jasta 28 Albatros D.V): At 13.30 one D.H.4 over Gheluvelt.
Max Brandenburg(Jasta 29 Pfalz D.III 4020/17)shot down by AAA near Le Transloy. The Pfalz recupered by the British and Brandenburg became POW. 
 
By the RNAS
 
15th victory of Robert Compston(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6319): At 12.40 one DFW C over Harnes-Pont a Vendin.
4th victory of Harold Day(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6379): At 11.00 one DFW C over Vitry. Shared with Guy Price.
8th victory of William Jordan(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6447): At 11.25 one Albatros D.V over Mericourt. 
 
By the RFC
 
14th victory of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 10.05 one Albatros D.V, NW of Houthoulst Wood.
Alfred McKay(23th Sqn Spad VII)shot down and killed by defensive fire of one German two-seater. 
33th, 34th and 35th victory of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 12.15 one Rumpler C near Velu Wood, at 12.30 one Rumpler C near Flers and at 12.55 one LVG C over Havrincourt Wood.
 
By the Aviation Section, Signal Corps(ASSC)(USAAS from May 24, 1918)
 
First American balloon group arrived in France. It separated into four companies that were assigned individually to training centers and instructed in French balloon procedures, then equipped with Caquot balloons, winches, and parachutes.

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#375 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:10

Dec 29, 1917
 
Britain: National Labour Convention demands general rationing. Churchill letter "I am strongly pressing that the cavalry should be put by regiments into the Tanks". Masterman of War Propaganda Bureau "As a result of the double propa­ganda, 19 countries have declared war against Germany and 10 have broken off relation­ships with her".
Eastern Front
Russia: Old Russian Army ranks abolished; decision in principle to organize new Red Army. Admiral Kaiserling with German Military Mission arrive in Petrograd to discuss Armistice technical details.
Ukraine: Red Guards capture Lozoyova and Pavlograd on Kharkov-Crimea railway, occupy Kharkov on December 31.
Neutrals
Holland: First British PoW trainload arrives for internment.
 
By the Germans
 
18th victory of Karl Menckhoff(Jasta 3 Albatros D.Va): At 11.20 one Spad over Draaibank.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
1th victory of Gustave Naudin(Spa26 Spad XIII S5737): One EA near Châlons-sur-Marne.
 
By the RFC
 
15th victory of Albert Carter(19th Sqn Spad VII A8834): At 10.15 one Albatros D.V over Houthoulst Forest.
8th and 9th victories of Arthur Fairclough(19th Sqn Spad VII A6802): At 10.10 one Albatros D.V over Houthoulst Forest and at 10.15 one Albatros D.V over Houthoulst Forest. 
6th victory(and last)of John Candy(19th Sqn Spad VII B1660): At 10.10 one Albatros D.V, N of Houthoulst Forest.
2th victory of John De Pencier(19th Sqn Spad VII B1581): At 10.20 one Albatros D.V over Houthoulst Forest. 
7th victory of William Barker(28th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6313): At 08.45 one balloon,  NE of Pieve di Soligo.
36th and 37th victories of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 08.55 one LVG C near Havrincourt and at 14.00 one LVG C, NE of Epehy.
 
By the Italian front
 
5th victory(and last)of Karl Patzelt(Flik 42J Albatros D.III): One seaplane over Piave Vecchia.

  • 1

#376 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:13

Dec 30, 1917
 
Southern Fronts
Piave: French 47th Division(259 casualties)recaptures Mt Tomba in 25 minutes with nearly 1,564 PoWs. Austrians forced to evacuate Zenso bend bridgehead, Lower Piave.
Salonika: Sir R Ross urges the minimum of 15,000 British malaria cases be sent home; 9,000 repatriated by April 30, 1918.
Middle East
Palestine–Turk casualties since December 27: over 1,558 (558 PoWs) and 9 MGs vs British EEF of 1,360 soldiers, 1 armoured car and 2 MGs. Total Turk losses since October 31, 1917: 28,443.
Sea War
Eastern Mediterranean: British destroyer Attack mined and sunk off Alexandria by UC-34 while rescuing survivors of torpedoed troopship Aragon(610 lost). Fleet auxiliary Osmanieh sinks on another mine on December 31(198 lives lost).
 
By the Germans
 
1th victory of Ernst von Steglin(Jasta 1 Albatros D.III): One Caproni over Congaliano(Italian front).
3th victory of Karl Bohnenkamp(Jasta 22 Pfalz D.IIIa): At 15.55 one Spad, SE of Pinon.
5th victory(and last)of Alwin Thurm(Jasta 31 Albatros D.III): One balloon , S of Asolo(Italian front).
 
By the Italian front
 
9th victory of Benno Fiala von Fernbrugg(Flik 56J Albatros D.III 153.77): One Caproni near Vecchia.
 
10th victory of Ferruccio Ranza(91a Spad VII): One Albatros two-seater over Fonzaso.

  • 0

#377 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:17

Dec 31, 1917
 
Western Front
British took 1,018 PoWs and 4 guns. 183,896 AEF(American Expedition Force)personnel now in Europe.
Sea War
Allied and neutral December shipping losses to U-boots: 160 ships (76 British, 520 lives lost) worth 382,060t (U-boat figure 411,766t including 148,331t in Mediterranean; 8 U-boots lost, only 2 in Mediterranean). 3,680 portable hydrophone sets now in British service.
North Sea: British 1917 Dutch convoys(1,031 ships) lose only 6 ships, but escorts lose 5 destroyers, 9 damaged, and 1 cruiser damaged in collision(520 lives lost).
Baltic: Russians have laid annual record of 13,418 mines.
Home Fronts
Britain: Lowest working days lost since April. Now 217,000 allotments in urban areas.
France: Elections postponed for duration. Stamp duty on purchases over 10 francs.
USA: Army strength 485,250; National Guard 416,031; National Army 480,000; Reserve 157,225.
 
By the Germans
 
8 Albatros D.I, 6 Albatros D.II, 423 Albatros D.III, 513 Albatros D.V and 186 Albatros D.Va in service at the front.
390 Pfalz D.III, D.IIIa and 35 Fokker D.R.I in service at the front.
Ltn Alwin Thum(Jasta 31 Albatros D.III, 5 victories)KIA near Asolo, shot down by Raymond Brownell and Henry Moody of 45th Sqn.
 
By the RFC
 
6th and 7th victory of Raymond Brownell(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2430): At 09.45 one Albatros D.III over Piave de Soligo and at 10.30 one Albatros D.V over Paderno. Shared with Henry Moody. Pilot, ace Alwin Thurm from Jasta 31 KIA.
5th and 6th victories of Henry Moody(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6238): At 09.45 one Albatros D.III over Piave de Soligo and at 10.30 one Albatros D.V over Paderno. Shared with 2th Lt Raymond Brownell. 
2th victory of Richard Dawes(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6412): At 09.45 one Albatros D.III over Piave de Soligo. 

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#378 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:27

1918


  • 0

#379 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:27

Jan 1, 1918
 
Western Front
Flanders: BEF strength 1,907,906(1,192,668 on January 3, 1917). British 4th Tank Brigade formed. German raids near Loos and Mericourt fail.
Verdun: French repulse raid at Beaumont, and Chaume Wood flamethrower attack (January 12 and 13), make successful raid to southeast on January 16. Gallwitz in command of Army Group for duration of war.
Southern Fronts
Piave: British cross-river raid succeeds(now 109,103 British troops in Italy).
Salonika: ­British receive 8-inch gun battery and 12 6-inch Newton mortars and 2 sound­-ranging sections.
Macedonia: In January Russian division withdrawn from front and disarmed due to Soviet disaffection, some join French Foreign Legion, at least 14,979 (on April 15) join Allies as labour force but 10,000 Serbs from Russian­-Rumanian front corps arrive (via Archangel, Cherbourg, Orange and Taranto). Greek Army has 36,242 troops (3 divisions) and 14,717 animals at front (January 15) plus 18,260 troops in interior (on March 15, 1918).
Home Fronts
Austria: In January door locks and latches being removed for metal.
Germany: In January 2.3 million exempted workers, half Field Army eligible.
Turkey: 40,594 non-military 1918 deaths in capital (22,244 in 1914).
Britain: RFP 106%, up 10% during 1917. Sugar rationing (1/2 lb per person per week) plus compulsory meatless day (two from January 25). Local lard rationing of 2 oz per person per week for 1.5 million people.
France: In January Seine freezes over for first time in 120 years.
Occupied Territories
Eastern France: Germans exact 92 million Francs from Lille(until October 17).
Sea War
Britain: Depth charge production up to 4,647 per month, escorts armed with 30-40 each, use 1,745 per month from June.
Germany: Now 21 German MTBs in service, 14 in Flanders.
Channel: Vice-Admiral Keyes takes over Dover Patrol from Admiral Bacon.
Biscay: Acting on Room 40 intercepts, armed boarding steamer HMS Duke of Clarence captures Spanish ship Erro Berro (sinks in tow) before she transfers wolfram (ore­-producing tungsten) to 2 U­-boats which are ambushed unsuccessfully.
Mediterranean: 2 U­-boot Flotillas formed, 1st at Pola, 2nd at Cattaro, 7-8 boats on operations in January, including coastal submarines UB-49 and UB-48 together.
Baltic: Estimated 40,000 sailors have left Russian Fleet for home or interior land fighting.
Air War
Western Front: In January RFC No 19 Squadron first to receive Sopwith Dolphin high-altitude fighter, No 141 Squadron at Rochford, Essex gets and crashes one but used only as day fighter.
Italy: Austrians bomb Bassano (and on January 4), Treviso (and on January 26) and Mestre (and on January 4 and 26), and Castelfranco on January 4.
Britain: Total air defences have 376 aircraft, 469 anti-aircraft guns, 622 searchlights, 258 height-finders and 10 sound locators.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Ltt Armand de Turenne appointed as CO of Spa12. 
12th victory of Gabriel Guérin(Spa15 Spad XII S444): One two-seater over Sommepy.
7th victory of Hector Garaud(Spa38 Spad XIII): One EA over Sommepy.
Ltt Jean du Crest(N.79 Spad VII)hit in combat and forced landing in enemy territory. POW.
4th victory of Pierre Marinovitch(N.94 Nieuport 24): At 14.15 One Rumpler C near Beine.
1th victory of Sgt James N. Hall(Spa124 Spad VII): One Albatros D.Va from Jasta 21 near Brimont.  Pilot Albert Meinhardt was KIA. Last victory of the Escadrille "Lafayette".
 
By the RNAS
 
16 and 17th victories of Robert Compston(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6340): At 11.28 one Hannover C over Fampoux. Shared with G.Cooper and E. Mannock and at 15.30 one Albatros D.V over Neuvireuil. Shared with A.J.Dixon.
9th victory of William Jordan(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6447): At 15.00 one Albatros D.V over Bailleul.
1th victory of Gerald Cooper(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6321): At 11.38 one Hannover C over Fampoux. Shared with Robert Compston and E.Mannock.
 
By the RFC
 
8th victory of William Barker(28th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6313): At 11.00 one Albatros D.V,  NW of Vittorio(Italian front)
16th victory of Edward Mannock(40th Sqn S.E.5a B665): At 11.35 one DFW C over Fampoux. Shared with Robert Compston and Gerald Cooper.

  • 1

#380 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 12:46

Jan 2, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk: Bolsheviks denounce terms as "annexationists". All-Russian Board formed for organizing Red Army. Kaiser in Berlin discusses new Russian frontier with Hindenburg and Ludendorff.
Air War
Britain: Air Ministry established. In January RFC stops enlisting American citizens.
USA: War Mission in Europe urges speedy troop dispatch and merchant ship building; first 100 of 1,500 US farm tractors en route to France.
Home Fronts
USA: Outlook magazine article denounces anti-German hysteria especially forced flag kissing.
Britain: King gives Haig his Field Marshal’s baton at Buckingham Palace, latter urges clear war aims be announced to BEF.
Germany: Ludendorff and Hoffmann(effective Eastern Front commander as CoS) part company over latter’s plan to retain only small part of Poland.
 
10th victory of John Firth(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6423): At 10.45 one type C, E of Conegliano. Shared with Lt H.T.Thompson(Italian front). 

  • 0

#381 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 13:27

Jan 3, 1918
 
Western Front
Artois: Slight British advance south of Lens.
Alsace: French heavily repulse attack near Anspach.Air War
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk: Ukrainian delegation arrives. Bolsheviks propose moving talks to Stockholm (Central Powers refuse on January 9).
Russia: British ambassador Buchanan recalled (departs January 7).
Air War
Britain: Air Council replaces Air Board, analogous to Army Council and Board of Admiralty. Lord Rothermere first Secretary of State for Air. Trenchard first Chief of Air Staff.
Palestine: RFC bomb airfields at El Afule and Jenin(until January 4).
Germany: Allied air raids on Metz area, RFC repeat(on January 4, 16 and 21).
­South African ace Lieutenant Beauchamp­-Proctor scores first of 54 victories.
 
By the Germans
 
1th victory of Erik Thomas(Jasta 9 Albatros D.V): At 13.30 one balloon, W of Somme-Suippe.
21th victory of Bruno Loerzer(Jasta 26 Albatros D.V): At 13.30 one D.H.4, SE of Gheluvelt.
3th victory of Otto Fruhner(Jasta 26 Albatros D.V): At 12.35 one Sopwith Camel over Armentieres. 
1th victory of Emil Liebert(Jasta 30 Pfalz D.III): One RNAS 10N Sopwith Camel. Pilot Flt Sub Lt Booth was killed. 
Emil Liebert(Jasta 30 Pfalz D.III)killed in crash after collision with a German balloon cable.
5th victory of Hans Oberländer(Jasta 30 Pfalz D.III): One RNAS 10N Sopwith Camel(N6531). Pilot Flt Sub Lt Beattic became POW. 
14th victory of Ludwig Hanstein(Jasta 35 Pfalz D.III): At 12.10 one S.E.5a, W of le Catelet.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
13th victory of Gabriel Guérin(Spa15 Spad XII S444): One two-seater over Nogent l’Abbesse.
12th victory of Maurice Boyau(Spa77 Spad VII): One ballon(Drachen)near Beney.
5th victory of Henri Péronneau(Spa81 Spad XIII): One EA, E of St.Mihiel.
7th victory of Omer Demeuldre(N.84 Spad VII): One EA over Foret de Brimont.
Cal Charles Nicolas(N.94 Nieuport 24bis)seriously injured in combat and forced landing near Mourmelon. Died Jan 4, 1918.
2th victory of Michel Coiffard(Spa154 Spad VII): One EA, NE of St. Quentin.
 
By the RNAS
 
19th victory of Robert Compston(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6340): At 11.20 one DFW C over Epmay Wood.
18th victory of Robert Compston(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6340): At 10.05 one DFW C over Arras. Shared with William Jordan.
10th victory of William Jordan(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6219): At 10.05 one Hannover C over Arras.
2th victory of Pruett M.Dennett(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6447): At 10.05 one Hannover C over Arras. Shared with Robert Compston and William Jordan.
1th victory of Miles Day(RNAS 13N Sopwith Camel N6349): At 14.00 one type C over Dunkirk.
 
By the RFC
 
4th victory of Wilfred Beaver(20th Sqn Bristol F.2b B883): At 15.45 one Albatros C, NE of Moorslede.
3th victory of Francis Williams(29th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6826): At 15.35 one Albatros D.V, S of Moorslede.
11th victory of Kenneth Montgomery(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B3929): At 13.40 one Albatros D.III over Corbelone(Italian front). 
1th victory of Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor(84th Sqn S.E.5a B539). At 15.00 one type C, NE of St. Quentin.

  • 0

#382 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 13:33

Jan 4, 1918
 
Eastern Front
France and Sweden recognize Finland’s independence(Norway and Denmark on January 10).
Middle East
Palestine: Allenby telegram insists on consolidation and capturing Jericho as EEF advances another mile north of Jerusalem. Britain notifies Hussein that Palestine must have special regime.
Sea War
Bristol Channel: British hospital ship Rewa (4 lives lost)from Mediterranean sunk by U-55.
North Sea: RNAS aircraft raid Ghistelles airfield near Ghent.
Flanders: U­boot Flotilla has 29 boats (loses 24 subs in 1918).
 
By the Germans
 
7th victory of Wilhelm Reinhard(Jasta 6 Albatros D.V): At 12.20 one Bristol F.2b, S of Niergnies.
4th victory of Otto Fruhner(Jasta 26 Albatros D.V): At 13.50 one D.H.4 over Neuville.
3th victory of Hans Weiss(Jasta 41 Albatros D.V): At 14.58 one balloon over Ellbach.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Spa15 equipped with Spad XIII.
20th victory of Georges Madon(Spa38 Spad XIII): One EA over Pont Faverger.
3th victory of Gilbert Sardier(Spa77 Spad VII): One EA, N of Arracourt. Shared with Sgt Laurent Ruamps of N.89.
6th victory of Marcel Dhôme(Spa81 Spad XIII): One two-seater over Berthincourt. Shared with Adj Chef Henri Péronneau.
6th victory of Henri Péronneau(Spa81 Spad XIII): One two-seater over Berthincourt. Shared with Marcel Dhôme.
2th victory of Laurent Ruamps(N.87 Nieuport 27): One EA, N of Arracourt. Shared with Adj Gilbert Sardier.
 
By the RNAS
 
11th victory of William Jordan(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6447): At 11.30 one DFW C over Oppy-Monchy. 
5th victory of  Harold Day(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B3821): At 11.20 one type C, N of Bourton Wood.
3th victory of Pruett M.Dennett(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6319): At 11.30 one DFW C over Oppy-Monchy. Shared with W.Jordan, E. Johnstone and A.J.Dixon. 
 
By the RFC
 
7th victory of Guy Moore(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B3629): At 11.05 one Albatros D.V, S of Terhand.
8th victory of William Fry(23th Sqn Spad XIII B6845): At 11.10 one Albatros D.V, E of Becelaere. 
6th, 7th and 8th victories of John Gilmour(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B5612): At 10.40 one type C, S of Roulers, at 11.00 one Albatros D.V over the same area and at 11.10 a second, S of Gheluvelt.  
2th victory of Edward Eaton(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2394): At 10.45 one Albatros D.V over Passchendaele.

  • 0

#383 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:11

Jan 5, 1918
 
Western Front
Cambrai: German attacks on British east of Bullecourt repulsed(and on January 8), trench raid near Bullecourt on January 8. Two German raids near Hollebeke. Germans raid British post near Flesquieres, both sides raid in sector on January 19.
Ypres: German raid repulsed.
Air War
Germany: 5 Navy airships(L46, L47, L59, L58 and SL20)destroyed by explosions and fire at Ahlhorn(petrol fire under L59 rear gondola likely, or sabotage), 15 dead.
Italy: 74 RFC aircraft serviceable, later 1918 strength varies from 65 to 91.
Politics
Britain: Lloyd George war aims speech to TUC Manpower London Conference envisages peace based on moral principle and League of Nations war alternative. No intention of molesting Turk homelands, Straits to be internationalized.
 
By the Germans
 
9th victory of Erich Löwenhardt(Jasta 10 Pfalz D.IIIa): At 15.05 one balloon, W of St. Quentin.
 
By the RFC
 
3th victory of Michael Gonne(54th Sqn Sopwith Camel B5422): At 15.55 one DFW C over St. Quentin-Marty. 

  • 0

#384 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:11

Jan 6, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Germany recognizes Finland’s independence.
Middle East
Heiaz Railway: Nasir’s 300 Arabs with 1 gun capture Jurf-ed­-Derawish Station with over 200 Turks 30 miles north of Maan (Maulud’s Arabs advance near on January 7).
Secret War
Russia: British Major Banting reports ‘On all sides German agents are appearing … buying up existing stocks’.
Home Fronts
Russia: Lenin takes Finland holiday until January 11.
Austria: Czech Prague Convention demands sovereign state.
 
By the Germans
 
2th victory of Jakob Landin(Jasta 32 Pfalz D.III): One Nieuport 24(N5449)from Escadrille N.89. Pilot Henri Durand became POW.
17th victory of Ernst Udet(CO Jasta 37 Albatros D.Va): At 16.15 one Nieuport over Bixschoote. 
11th victory of Georg Schlenker(Jasta 41 Albatros D.V): At 15.10 one Sopwith, SW of Mulhausen.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
2th victory of Marius Ambrogi(N.90 Nieuport 23): At 10.00 one two-seater over Regneville. Shared with Lt Marie Lecoq de Kerland.
2th victory of Marie Lecoq de Kerland(N.90 Nieuport 23): At 10.00 one two-seater over Regneville. Shared with S/Lt Marius Ambrogi.
 
By the RNAS
 
20th victory of Robert Compston(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6340): At 11.50 one Albatros D.V over Quiery la Motte. Shared with William Jordan.
12th victory of William Jordan(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6447): At 11.50 one Albatros D.V over Quiery la Motte.
6th victory of Harold Day(RNAS 8N Sopwith Camel B6371): At 13.00 one type C over Fresnoy. 
 
By the RFC
 
1th victory of Frederick McCall(13th Sqn R.E.8 B6525): At 13.40 one Albatros D.V over Jig-Saw Wood.
5th victory of Wilfred Beaver(20th Sqn Bristol F.2b B883): At 12.10 one Albatros C over Houthoulst Forest.
9th victory of William Fry(23th Sqn Spad VII B3640): At 14.00 one Albatros D.V, S of Passchendaele. 

  • 0

#385 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:13

Jan 7, 1918
 
Western Front
Britain: BEF GHQ Intelligence analysis "If Germany attacks and fails, she will be ruined."
Africa
Mozambique: Main body Gold Coast Regiment(500 + 300 carriers)lands at Port Amelia. British column from Fort Johnston drives German force north in Mwembe area.
Sea War
Channel: U-95(Prinz)rammed and sunk by steamer after sinking 14 ships(37,930t)since mid-1917.

  • 0

#386 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:16

Jan 8, 1918
 
Western Front
Britain: Haig’s fourth Dispatch on Battles of Arras, "Lens", Messines and Third Ypres in previous summer, claims 131 German divisions defeated. Petain writes to Clemenceau "In reality, the 1918 battle will be defensive…". He and Haig present strategy together on January 24 and 30, only choice until US arrives in strength.
Upper Marne: Patton’s US Tank School opens at Langres.
Meuse: Major French trench raid near Seiche prey (Woevre); Legion (141 casualties) bring back 188 PoWs, 16 MGs and 9 mortars.
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk: Bolsheviks resume talks under Trotsky(arrived January 7); Talaat Pasha arrives.
Politics
USA: Wilson´s 14 Points message to Congress outlines peace programme. Office of Public Information distributes all over Europe. French Parliament adopts it on January 11.

  • 0

#387 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:20

Jan 9, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Russia: Trotsky appeals for volunteers to march against "Bourgeoisie of the world".
South Russia­: White Volunteer Army manifesto by Kornilov and Alexeiev pledges resistance to Reds and Germans.
Africa
Mozambique: Hawthorn’s 3 KAR battalions drive Goering Detachment (3 coys) to east bank of river Lugenda and take Luambala from it on January 15.
Sea War
Atlantic: Destroyer HMS Racoon lost with all hands in storm off Ireland.
North Sea: Royal Navy destroyers Opal and Narbrough wrecked on rocky Pentland Skerries off Scotland(12 resp 1 survivor from 180). Beatty memo establishes new Grand Fleet strategy of containing Scheer in his bases rather than fighting at any cost (Cabinet approves on January 18).
Western Mediterranean: Convoy escort sloop HMS Cyclamen sinks coastal submarine UB-69 with high-speed paravane off Bizerta.
 
By the Germans
 
1th victory of Kurt Ungewitter(Schusta 5): One Bristol F.2b(C4816)over Nauroy. 
Max von Müller(Jasta 2 Albatros D.Va 5405/17)shot down and killed in combat with 21th Sqn R.E.8 near Moorslede.
Hans Kiessling(Jasta 34 Pfalz D.III 4031/17)badly wounded by AAA.
Jasta 49(Albatros D.Va)became operational.
Jasta 51 declared operational. Initial equipment was Pfalz D.III and D.IIIa.
Jasta 52 declared operational. Initial equipment was Pfalz D.III and D.IIIa.
 
By the RFC
 
4th victory of William Patrick(1th Sqn Nieuport 27 B6830): At 10.25 one DFW C over Comines.
4th victory of Loudoun MacLean(41th Sqn S.E.5a B38): At 11.45 one Rumpler C, E of Marcoing. Shared with 2th Lt A.Isbell and 2th Lt A.Hemming.  
1th victory of Alfred Hemming(41th Sqn S.E.5a B639): At 11.45 one Rumpler C, E of Marcoing. Shared with 2th Lt A.Isbell and 2th Lt L.MacLean.  
38th victory of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 11.30 one LVG C near Graincourt.
9th victory of John Gilmour(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B5612): At 12.55 one type C over Roulers.

  • 0

#388 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:28

Jan 10, 1918
 
Western Front
Britain: Supreme War Council recommend BEF take over more of French sector, and creation of general Allied reserve(January 23). British War Office orders reduction in battalions per division from 12 to 9 thus disbanding 141 battalions and 2 cavalry divisions until March 10 to compen­sate for insufficient reinforce­ments (200,000 instead of 615,000 requested).
Somme: British Fifth Army relieves French in St Quentin sector (completed January 14).
Ypres: British trench raid.
Eastern Front
Britain: Government assures Bolsheviks she supports an independent Poland.
Ukraine: Central Powers and Bolsheviks recognize Ukraine as separate state. 
Don: Independent Republic declared under General Kaledin.
Rumania: After request on January 6, 3 Rumanian divisions cross river Pruth into Bessarabia, enter capital Kishinev on January 26.
Politics
Britain: Balfour Edinburgh speech "the horrors of war … are nothing to .. a German peace", House of Lords adopts women’s suffrage clause.
 
By the Germans
 
Jasta 2 received its first three Fokker D.R.I.
 
By the RFC
 
8th victory of Raymond Brownell(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2430): At 16.15 one Albatros D.III over Porto Buffalo(Italian front).
6th victory of Peter Carpenter(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B3929): At 10.25 one Albatros D.III over Ceggia-Staffolo(Italian front).
5th victory of Thomas Williams(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6282): At 16.15 one Albatros D.III over Porto Buffalo(Italian front).
2th victory of Harry Symons(65th Sqn Sopwith Camel B5600): At 15.30 one Albatros D.V over Frelinghien.
 
By the Italian front
 
14th and 15th victories of Frank Linke-Crawford(Flik 60J Phönix D.I 228.16): One SAML 2 over Valstagna and one Nieuport Scout over the same location.
6th and 7th victories of Kurt Gruber(Flik 60J Phönix D.I 228.24): One SAML 2 over Valstagna and one Nieuport scout over the same area.

  • 0

#389 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:39

Jan 11, 1918
 
Western Front
French raids in Argonne, Vosges and Champagne, German one fails south of Armentières.
Home Fronts
Russia: Sovnarkom orders all interest and dividend payments to cease.
 
By the Germans
 
Oblt Hans Kummetz(CO Jasta 1 Albatros D.III)shot down and killed in combat with Sopwith Camels from 45th Sqn(Italian front).
6th victory of Wilhelm Hippert(Jasta 39 Albatros D.V): At 12.45 one Sopwith Camel(B2436)over Cimadolmo(Italian front).
 
By the RFC
 
17th victory of Matthew Frew(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6372). At 15.30 one Albatros D.III over Motta(Italian front).
9th victory of Raymond Brownell(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B2430). At 15.35 one Albatros D.III over St.Stino(Italian front). 
7th victory of Henry Moody(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6383). At 15.30 one Albatros D.III over Corbelone(Italian front). 
6th victory of Thomas Williams(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6282). At 11.45 one Albatros D.III over Vittorio(Italian front).
 
By the Italian front
 
5th victory of Attilio Imolesi(79a Nieuport 27): One unknown two-seater type over Crosara.

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#390 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:39

Jan 12, 1918
 
Western Front
Flanders: British raid at Loos, disperse 4 German ones south of Lens and east of Monchy.
Eastern Front
Latvia declares independence.
Pacific: First of three Japanese warships arrives at Vladivostok(Royal Navy cruiser Suffolk from Hong Kong on January 14)to protect 600,000t of Allied supplies.
Home Fronts
Britain: Officers pay put up to 10s 6d pd plus child allow­ances. Workers loot closed food shops in Leytonstone and Wembley.
USA: Employment Service organizes women’s division. US Army DSC (Distinguished Service Cross) and DSM (Distinguished Service Medal)
 
By the Germans
 
6th and 7th victories of Fritz Pütter(Jasta 9 Albatros D.V): One Spad over Binarville and at 12.05 one ballon over Mourmelon le Petit.
2th victory of Erik Thomas(Jasta 9 Albatros D.V): At 12.05 one balloon over Hans.
15th victory of Ludwig Hanstein(Jasta 35 Pfalz D.III): At 12.50 one A.W.F.K.8, S of Nauroy.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
Sgt Joseph Le Boucher(Spa65 Spad VII S4267)shot down N of Vienne-le-Château by Ltn Fritz Pütter of Jasta 9.
 
By the RFC
 
12th victory(and last)of Kenneth Montgomery(66th Sqn Sopwith Camel B4628): At 12.35 one Albatros D.V, SE of Fonzaszo(Italian front). 
 
By the Italian front
 
Hptm Raoul Stojsavljevic(Flik 16 Albatros D.III)badly wounded in combat. Returned to service in October 1918 and appointed as CO of the Officers Flight School at Wiener-Neustadt.
18th victory of Josef Kiss(Flik 55J Albatros D.III): One R.E.8 over Casa Rigoni.
7th victory of Georg Kenzian(Flik 55J Albatros D.III ): One R.E.8 over Casa Rigoni.
4th victory of Alexander Kasza(Flik 55J Albatros D.III): One R.E.8 over Casa Rigoni.
 
11th victory of Ferruccio Ranza(91a Spad VII): One Rumpler C IV(8266/17)of RHBZ 1 over Campo San Pietro.

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#391 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:48

Jan 13, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Russia: Reds imprison Rumanian Ambassador Diamandi(released January 15 after diplomatic corps protest)and seize Rumanian gold in retaliation for Bessarabia takeover, also order King of Rumania’s arrest on January 15.
Southern Fronts
Italy: Italian Army has received 300,000 British gas masks.
Politics
Russia: Lenin and Stalin’s Decree No 13 in Pravda backs Armenian self­-determination.
Neutrals
Norway: Sugar, coffee, corn and meal rationing.
 
By the Germans
 
6th victory of Fritz Rumey(Jasta 5 Albatros D.Va): At 12.30 one Bristol F.2b(A7174),S of Beaumont.
6th victory of Josef Mai(Jasta 5 Albatros D.Va): At 11.58 one Bristol F.2b(B1110), W of Gonnelieu.
Ltn Eberhardt Stapenhörst(Jasta 11 Fokker D.R.I 144/17)shot down by AAA. The triplane was recovered by the allied and inspected.
2th victory of Werner Steinhäuser(Jasta 11 Fokker D.R.I): At 16.37 one ballonn over Heudecourt.
16th victory of Heinrich Kroll(Jasta 24 Pfalz D.III): At 11.07 one S.E.5a near Flesquieres.
3th victory of Günther Schuster(Jasta 29 Pfalz D.III): At 12.50 one Sopwith Camel(B5602)over Ennecourt. 
 
By the RFC
 
5th victory of John Tudhope(40th Sqn S.E.5a B589): At 10.55 one DFW C over Pont a Vendin.
39th, 40th and 41th victories of James McCudden(56th Sqn S.E.5a B4891): At 09.40 One LVG C, E of Le Haucourt, at 09.50 one DFW C.V, N of Vendhuile and at 10.05 one LVG C near Lempire.

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#392 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 14 January 2018 - 19:48

Jan 14, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Russia: Lenin receives diplomatic corps, speaks at departure of "first volunteers of the Socialist army" and escapes shots fired at his car.
Southern Fronts
Piave: Italian 22nd Infantry Division reaches Mt Asolone summit, taking 400 PoWs, but forced off until January 16. Some Italian advance in Piave Delta.
Sea War
North Sea: German destroyer raid on Gt Yarmouth (12 casualties including 3 military). Harwich Force (Tyrwhitt promoted Rear-Admiral today above 48 captains) sails within 90 minutes of shelling starting but unable to intercept until January 15.
Air War
Germany: 12 DH4s of No 55 Squadron RFC damage workshops at Karlsruhe in daylight raid.
Home Fronts
Britain: Geddes introduces Manpower Bill to reassembled Commons, 420,000-450,000 men needed immediately.
France: Ex-Prime Minister Caillaux arrested on treason charge of "peace intrigue" with Germans during 1915 Argentina visit. Convicted on lesser grounds February 1920 and soon released.
 
By the Germans
 
8th victory of Fritz Pütter(Jasta 9 Albatros D.V): At 10.30 one balloon over Vraincourt.
 
By the RNAS
 
12th victory of Wilfred Curtis(RNAS 10N Sopwith Camel B6450): At 11.35 one Albatros D.V, E of Houthoulst Wood.
 
By the RFC
 
3th victory of Richard Dawes(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6412): At 15.00 one Albatros D.III over Borgo(Italian front).
1th victory of Cedric Howell(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B4609): At 15.00 one Albatros D.III over Cimetta-Cadogne(Italian front).
 
By the Italian front
 
9th victory of Silvio Scaroni(76a Hanriot HD.1): At 11.00 one Hansa Brandenburg D.I(28.71)of Flik 21D over Valbella.
3th victory of Cosimo Rennella(78a Hanriot HD.1): One EA over Monte Grappa.
6th victory(and last)of Attilio Imolesi(79a Nieuport 27): One unknown two-seater type over Valstagna.
1th victory of Antonio Reali(79a Nieuport 27): A two-seater over Valstagna/M.Zebio.

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#393 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 16 January 2018 - 20:33

Jan 15, 1918
 
Western Front
Lorraine: US I Corps formed(General Hunter Liggett)at Neuf Chateau – 1st, 2nd, 26th and 42nd US Divisions.
Britain – Cambrai Inquiry (Bryce) Report: British War Cabinet satisfied German counter­stroke did not surprise BEF commanders, but admits "breakdown".
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk: Czernin receives Vienna’s appeals to make early ‘bread peace’.
Britain: British War Cabinet cables General Poole to destroy Allied military stores.
Neutrals
Mexico: After January 15, US agent captures German spy Lothar Witzke(alias Russian Pablo Waberski)in Nogales. Sentenced to death in Texas, but commuted and free 1923.
 
By the RFC
 
18th, 19th and 20th victories of Matthew Frew(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B6372). By 10.30 one type C over Vazzolo and two Albatros D.V over the same location(Italian front).
7th victory of Peter Carpenter(45th Sqn Sopwith Camel B3929). At 10.30 one Albatros D.III over Vazzolo(Italian front).
 
By the Italian front 
 
4th victory of Cosimo Rennella(78a Hanriot HD.1): One EA over Arsiè.

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#394 Danelov

Danelov
  • Posts: 401

Posted 16 January 2018 - 20:33

Jan 16, 1918
 
Eastern Front
Brest-Litovsk: Central Powers and Ukraine reach settlement in principle(announced January 21).
Russia: CEC(Central Executive Committee of Bolshevik)adopts decree forming Red Army.
Southern Fronts
Piave: Austrian attack on Capo Sile(lower river)fails bloody, Italians occupy Austrian advance post on January 24 and repulse attack on January 26.
Home Fronts
Austria: General strikes until January 21 over daily bread ration cut(7 1/2 oz to under 6oz)and Brest­Litovsk impasse involve nearly 100,000 workers in Lower Austria alone and Government taken by surprise. Spreads to Hungary on January 18.
USA: Fuel Administrator closes all non-war industry east of Mississippi for 5 days(January 18-22)plus nine Mondays to save moving coal.
Germany: Hindenburg letter removes Kaiser’s radical Civil Cabinet chief(for past 10 years) Valentini(who protests to Crown Prince).
Britain: Board of Trade and Munitions Ministry allowed to drill for oil.
 
By the Germans
 
Jasta 62 founded at Diest, Belgium. Appointed CO was Ltn Ludwig Luer. Equipped with Albatros D.Va.
 
By the Aviation Militaire
 
GC12 replace Spa73 with Spa67. Group now included: Spa3, Spa26, Spa67 and Spa103. Spa73 assigned to the Group GC19 with Spa85, Spa95 and Spa96.
N.159 formed at Malzéville airfield. Ltt Albert Ropper appointed as CO. Equipped with Nieuport 24bis and Nieuport 27.

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