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Gotha G.V
Bomber
Germany
1917
Manufacturer: Gothaer Waggonfabrik A.G
$11.99
$3.59
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$5.08 (aircraft + modifications)
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Specifications

Engines 2 x inline 6 cyl. Mercedes D. IVa
Power (h.p.): 260
Height (mm): 4300
Length (mm): 12400
Wing span (mm): 23700
Wing surface (sq.m.): 89,5
Empty weight (kg): 2739.8
Crew weight (kg): 240
Fuel capacity: 841 liters (626.8 kg)
Oil capacity: 43 liters (79.8 kg)
Takeoff without bombload (kg): 3745.4
Takeoff with 7x50 kg (350kg) bombs (kg): 4095
Climb speed, full fuel load, without bombload
1000 m — 6 min.
2000 m — 12 min. 38 sec.
3000 m — 20 min. 46 sec.
4000 m — 32 min. 07 sec.
5000 m — 53 min. 37 sec.
Climb speed, full fuel load, 7x50kg (350kg) bombload
1000 m — 7 min. 35 sec.
2000 m — 16 min. 20 sec.
3000 m — 27 min. 51 sec.
4000 m — 47 min. 35 sec.
Speed (IAS), full fuel load, w/o bombload(km/h)
sea level — 137.6
1000 m — 132.7
2000 m — 126.7
3000 m — 121.7
4000 m — 113.9
5000 m — 102.6
Service ceiling (m):
without bombload — 6850
with 350kg bombload — 4650
Endurance:
with bombs — 5 h.
without bombs — 7 h.
Armament: 2000 7,92mm rounds in total
Nose position: 1 Parabellum LMG 14/17 7.92mm, 4 drums with 250 rounds each
Tail upper position: 1 Parabellum LMG 14/17 7,92mm, 4 drums with 250 rounds each
Bomb load variations:
5 x 50kg (350kg)
7 x 100kg (700kg)
4 x 100kg (400kg)
1 x 300kg (300kg)
1 x 300kg + 4 x 100kg (700kg)
Description

The Gotha G.V was a subsequent development of the Gotha G.IV. Combat experience showed that the close proximity of the fuel tanks to the engines could lead to disastrous results. As a result, the fuel tanks were moved to the fuselage. A shortage of quality materials led to an increased weight of the airframe. The lower part of the fuselage retained the gun tunnel for firing rearward and downward. To improve stability while taxiing on the ground, the undercarriage legs were shortened, which required the engine nacelles to be repositioned above the lower wing. This latter modification is the most important external feature distinguishing the V series from previous models. Orders were placed in October 1916 for the production of 100 aircraft. In August 1917, first Gotha G.V left the factory. The plane was manufactured by Gothaer Waggonfabrik A.G. In all, 205 planes of the V series were built.

The G.V was used to bomb strategically important ground targets and cities such as London. By war’s end, the plane was being employed as a night bomber.

With a maximum bomb load, the plane was stable in flight, but on returning to base, it exhibited minimum stability and an unpleasant heaviness of the tail fin. To overcome these flaws, the tail gunner would sit close to the pilot; later on, the wings were simply moved rearwards by 20 cm. Upon landing, the plane had a tendency to yaw until it made full contact with ground. In February 1918, additional gears were fitted that were meant to make landings safer and to avoid nosing over. The aircraft took part in battles over the Western Front.

References:
Gotha by P.M. Grosz
German Aircraft of World War I. Grey and Thetford Putnam Books. ISBN 0-933852-71-1
The Gotha G1-G5. Profile Publications Number 115
The Gotha. Flight magazine 1917